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10 Best Rare & Unique Dog Breeds

A dog is a man’s best friend! Not surprisingly, a large number of people prefer these shaggy, four-legged pets. In addition, scientists from Harvard have proven the positive effects of pets on human mental health and even life expectancy.

Along with common dog breeds such as the German Shepherd, Rottweiler, Labrador, and Golden Retriever, there are many other lesser-known ones. Despite the lack of popularity, each breed has its own distinctive characteristics, and therefore it will not be difficult to choose a pet to your liking.

This article provides a list of 10 of the rarest or most unique dog breeds with photos and a short description.

Glen of Imaal Terrier

The Glen of Imaal Terrier is a strong, independent dog breed named after a remote valley in Ireland. The breed was bred to hunt foxes, badgers, and rodents, so Glen is an experienced and cunning hunter. It is also an affectionate family dog, gentle and loving of its owners.

Although the modern breed is more likely to prefer hanging out with his family, the heart of a hunter still beats in his chest. For the Glen of Imaal Terrier, there is nothing more enjoyable than chasing an annoying squirrel or a neighbor’s cat. Courageous Glen will defend his family if need be, and his loud warning bark will signal the approach of strangers. It’s hard not to fall in love with this affectionate and intelligent breed. But you should take into account some negative character traits inherent in Terriers: a passion for digging, independence, and an innate tendency to chase cats and other small animals.

Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog is known to have been bred in Spain, where it was used as a herding dog. In coastal areas, these dogs were sometimes taken on fishing boats. Unsurprisingly, most Spanish Water Dogs enjoy boating, swimming, or playing in the water.

They are active animals that require a lot of physical and mental exercise. The Spanish Water Dog is very intelligent and well suited for training. The breed also performs well in sports. The Spanish Water Dog is best chosen by an active person or family. A dog can adapt to any environment as long as it receives appropriate attention.

Komondor Dog

The Komondor is a large breed of dog, originally from Hungary, known for its cord-like hair. The breed is believed to be related to the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.

Calm, alert and responsible Komondor lives to protect someone, be it livestock, his people, or other pets. He is very affectionate with family and friends and remembers well the people he once met, even if they are guests. Children and other pets will see him as a gentle guardian. Strangers will have gazed with caution, but the Komondor will not attack unless it feels threatened. However, there is no doubt that these dogs responsibly protect their people and property.


Kuvasz is an ancient dog breed native to Hungary. The breed has historically been used as a royal guard dog or to guard livestock. However, over the past 70 years, Kuvasz has been increasingly seen as a pet.

Kuvasz is a white dog breed that possesses a sharp mind and patience. Although it can be a little aloof, independent and cunning, especially with strangers. The breed has been taught for centuries to think independently and act without instruction. These are important traits for protecting livestock. However, this independence can be challenging even for experienced owners.

Lowchen (Little Lion Dog)

The Lowchen or Little Lion Dog is a small breed of dog whose history can be traced back to 1442. Although these dogs may be related to the Bichon Frise, the exact origin of the breed remains unclear.

Lowchen is a friendly, healthy, and happy dog. Representatives of the breed are distinguished by their activity, playfulness, and high intelligence. The Lion Dog is an excellent family pet that is well suited for families with children. These dogs need people’s attention. The Lowchen is a fairly quiet breed that does not tend to bark excessively.

Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund is a dog breed originally from Norway, where it was bred for grazing and guarding farms. The breed has a distinctive personality trait that is rarely found among Spitz – a desire to please. Also, the Norwegian Buhund is distinguished by intelligence and independence. A properly trained dog grows up to be a very capable pet.

The Norwegian Buhund can handle everything from a guide dog to a police dog. Its alert nature and tendency to bark make it a good guard breed. The Norwegian Buhund is an active dog that needs a lot of exercise throughout the day. Representatives of the breed are very affectionate with their families, including children. They will love cuddling on the couch and playing actively in the park. For these intelligent dogs, ongoing training is important, as is the involvement of the owner.

Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is a medium-sized dog originally from Poland. Despite the fact that after the Second World War the breed almost disappeared, in the 1950s the number increased dramatically. Although dogs are still rare in other countries, they are popular in their native Poland. The Polish Lowland Sheepdog can be both an apartment breed and a working dog in the countryside.

It is an intelligent dog breed that thrives in a family and is generally wary of strangers. She has strong herding instincts and a devoted personality. Like other pedigree dogs, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog is independent thinking. One of the breed’s outstanding characteristics is its supernatural memory, which makes it quick and relatively easy to learn. However, this strong and strong-willed breed will try to dominate its owner if given the chance. The Polish Lowland Sheepdog is an active dog that requires a lot of activity.

Ibizan Hound (Podenco Ibicenco)

Ibizan Hound or Podenco Ibicenco is an ancient dog from Egypt named after the island of Ibiza, located off the coast of Spain.

The Ibizan Hound is an intelligent, active, and lovable dog, capable of entertaining people with their antics. At times they are overly independent and stubborn, although well trained. Dogs of this breed are usually quiet pets, but, if necessary, become good watchmen. They are sensitive and interact well with children or other dogs.

 Finnish Lapphund

The Finnish Lapphund was originally used by the semi-nomadic Sámi people to work with herds of reindeer. Today, this breed is a popular companion in their native Finland.

Smart, friendly, and attentive, the Finnish Lapphund is an excellent family companion and watchdog. Its activity requires daily exercise to maintain physical and mental development. Regular exercise will prevent your dog from becoming destructive or noisy in an attempt to entertain itself.

Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dog is an indigenous breed that has adapted to live in the desert regions of Israel for thousands of years. It is believed that Jews used this breed in biblical times to guard flocks and camps.

Modern representatives of the breed still retain the traits that allow them to live in the harsh conditions of the desert. Today’s Canaan Dog has the same alert, attentive, inquisitive nature as its ancestors. Although survival in the desert has given the breed an innate degree of independence, a properly socialized animal will love its family. She can easily adapt to many situations in life.

The Canaan Dog is an intelligent and quick animal that will happily train and engage in any activity. The breed is well suited for families with children and can also get along with other pets, including cats. Canaan Dogs are wonderful companions and loyal protectors of their owners and property.

In addition to the above, the following dog breeds are considered rare and unique:

  • American English Coonhound;
  • American Foxhound;
  • Bergamasco Shepherd Dog;
  • Dandy Dinmont Terrier;
  • Norwegian Lundehund;
  • Otterhound;
  • Pyrenean Shepherd Dog;
  • Skye Terrier;
  • Sussex Spaniel;
  • Pharaoh Hound;
  • Finnish Spitz;
  • Cesky Terrier;
  • Chinook;
  • Cirneco dell Etna.

4 thoughts on “10 Best Rare & Unique Dog Breeds

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