In order to determine whether a cat is really suffering from diabetes mellitus, the veterinarian first takes blood from your cat to determine the blood sugar level. Above all, a permanently elevated level of the sugar substance fructosamine is crucial for the diagnosis.
A thorough examination of the animal follows, during which possible consequential damage is identified and a treatment plan is determined. Above all, this includes measures to compensate for the lack of the hormone insulin in the cat, which is responsible for the symptoms of the disease, with medication.
Cats With Diabetes: Treatment Options
Treatment for cats with diabetes can vary depending on how advanced the disease is. In the early stage of the disease, tablets can still be administered, so-called oral antidiabetics. These ensure that the cat’s pancreas produces its own insulin.
Another option is to give the velvet paw medication along with the food that can lower the cat’s blood sugar level. If these measures are not sufficient, the vet will suggest insulin therapy for your cat, in which you replace the missing insulin with daily injections.
Diabetes Therapy With Insulin Injections
Treatment with insulin injections is usually given twice a day. The hormone is injected under the animal’s skin according to your veterinarian’s instructions. For most cats, a good time to administer the medication is just before eating.
But beware: If the cat does not eat its food, it can lead to dangerous hypoglycemia. Some cats are therefore only injected after they have been fed, in consultation with the veterinarian. In addition, a change in cat nutrition is important for the well-being of the four-legged friend.
Feeding Diabetic Cats Properly
A regulated feeding plan with fixed meal times is very important for diabetic house tigers. It is best to distribute several small meals throughout the day because larger fluctuations in the energy balance can cause great damage to the sick kitten due to high or low blood sugar.
For overweight cats with diabetes, the vet will likely also recommend a special diet to aid in therapy. Treating cats with diabetes, therefore, requires a great deal of patience and organization from the owner, which means that he can still spend many happy and healthy years with his house tiger.