Pekingese: Breed History & Origin

Among all other dog breeds, the Pekingese breed stands out, the history of the origin of which is still shrouded in mystery. No one can even give an approximate date of its origin. This was the reason for the emergence of many stories about its origin. One legend about the Pekingese is so romantic and touching and at the same time implausible that it is simply impossible not to tell about it.

Origin of the Pekingese: the Legend of the Girl and the Prince

They say that once a prince fell in love with a simple girl. But the girl was so beautiful that an evil wizard was captivated by her. When she refused him in reciprocity, he enchanted her, turning her into a lotus flower, and made the prince a squirrel. But this could not separate the lovers, and the squirrel looked after the flower every day. The Buddha, seeing such devotion, took pity on the lovers and blessed them.

From their love, a Pekingese was born, in whose appearance you can see a fluffy squirrel tail, and in the physique and character – the fragility and delicacy of the lotus.

There are several more of the same exciting stories about the origin of the Pekingese breed, and they are all associated with great love and the holy Buddha. This is probably why many still believe that these dogs can protect the house from evil spirits since God never leaves them without his patronage.

Biography of Pekingese

In different sources, you can find a great many stories about these dogs. In the 17th century, the Chinese emperor made the Pekingese a sacred symbol of China and forbade the commoners to keep them. Violation of the decree was punishable by death.

Pekingese were not very large. Their coat was auburn, with a black mask on their muzzle. The smallest inhabitants of the palace were called “mitten”, medium-sized – “sunny”, and the largest were called “lion dogs”.

Despite the emperor’s decree, the Chinese monks could not resist the pleasure of communicating with the Pekingese and secretly kept them in their Buddhist monasteries. The dogs were somewhat larger than the palace dogs and had a darker shade of coat.

Distribution of the Breed: How the Pekingese Appeared in Europe

In the 19th century, during the war between China and the West, the Europeans captured Beijing. The emperor gave the order to poison all the dogs, and he himself left the city. But a few Pekingese still survived – later they were transported to Europe and began to be called Peking dogs. As the breed spread, it gradually became one of the most popular in the world. Also, as before in China, it “decorated” rich houses: to have such a dog as a pet was very prestigious.

Interesting Facts:

  • DNA analysis showed that the breed shares common roots with the Chihuahua, Papillon, and Pug.
  • The first dogs were brought to Germany, the Netherlands, and America in 1900.
  • The color of the coat varies greatly: there are dogs of blue, cream, white, light gold.
  • The Pekingese breed is a long-liver: many individuals live 18, or even all 22 years.
  • The nine-year-old male Puggy from the United States is recognized as the dog with the longest tongue in the world – its length is as much as 11.43 cm.
  • The largest amount for which they wanted to buy a Pekingese was 32 thousand pounds. This is exactly how much money the American millionaire offered to the Englishwoman Clarissa Ashton Cross for her Pekingese, but was refused.

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