Samoyed picture, photo

Samoyed Dog: Breed History & Origin

For over three thousand years, the Samoyed dog has been a companion in the northern tribes of the Samoyedians group. The evidence of dogs from this area originated in the ancient Samoyedic language that was spoken before this group of languages ​​branched out into the ones known today. However, contrary to the misconception, they did not live in the northern regions all this time. For unknown reasons, in 1-2 millennia AD, part of the ancestors of the Samoyedians left the mountainous regions at the sources of the Ob and Yenisei rivers, near the Sayan Mountains in southern Siberia, migrated to the north, and finally settled in the polar region. These were the ancestors of the Nenets, the Inganasans.

Since all northern Samoyedians used the same type of dog, it can be assumed that they may have domesticated the white wolf. It is possible that the domestication of wolves, driven south during the era of glaciation, took place.

The native Samoyed strongly resembles the polar wolf, although domestication has changed the wild prototype. Since in the Neolithic the Samoyedians were hunter-gatherers, it is most likely that these dogs helped them in hunting, and this function they have performed in one form or another to this day.

Dogs were used for herding reindeer, hunting, transport, and sometimes as nannies for young children. Cultural traditions forbid the Nenets to use dogs as a means of transport. Dog sleds may have been owned by several Nenets families who lived on New Earth. In support of this, on the site dedicated to New Earth, there are several photographs of dogs in sleds. These photographs clearly show that other dogs are in the sleds, not Samoyeds. It is assumed that the Samoyed is a cultural show breed, obtained from individuals of the Nenets Laikas, exported from Yamal in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. British zoologist Ernst Kilbrune Scott spent three months among the Samoyedians tribes in 1889. Returning to England, he brought with him a brown dog – a puppy named Dog. Later he brought in a cream-colored female named Whiteley Pechora from the Western Urals and a snow-white male named Suit from Siberia. These dogs, as well as those brought by researchers, are the founders of Western Samoyed. The first breed standard was written in England in 1909.

There is also, apparently, an erroneous version of the appearance of the Samoyed in Europe, most likely associated with the confusion of the personalities of Ernst Scott and Robert Scott. According to this version, for the first time in Europe, the Samoyeds appeared at the end of the 19th century in Great Britain. The famous explorer Robert Scott, who managed to reach the South Pole, used the Samoyeds’ abilities to transport heavy loads over long distances. This is how he drew the world’s attention to this breed. Since then, the breed has enjoyed immense popularity in most countries.

There is also an opinion that the first representatives of this breed were taken to Europe by the English captain Joseph Wiggens during the search for trade routes with Siberia. This fact has not been documented.

Thus, according to any of the versions, the modern Samoyeds take their origin from several individuals imported to England.


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