The Yorkshire Terrier is a miniature dog, one of the smallest breeds in the world, a very energetic dog that is always looking for adventure but also requires love and affection. This decorative breed of dogs by its weight should not exceed 3.1 kg – 3.2 kg.
According to long-standing rumors, it is believed that the history of the Yorkshire Terrier breed was the result of the merger of two breeds: Scottish and English Terriers. During the Industrial Revolution (1760-1830), when many workers from Scotland migrated and moved to England in search of work, they brought with them several species of Scottish Terriers. As a result of the fusion of the Scottish and English Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier was born.
The Yorkshire Terrier was originally bred for the purpose of catching rats in local textile factories and coal mines in England in the mid-19th century in the counties of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Although scientists still cannot determine who is the original ancestor of the Yorkshire Terrier, they are at a loss among such breeds: the Maltese Terrier, the Skye Terrier, the Dandy Dinmont Terrier. But according to most scientists, the entire likelihood of the origin of the Yorkshire Terrier breed falls on the Waterside Terrier and the Skye Terrier breeds.
And in the end, the result of crossing the breeds was named the Yorkshire Terrier. They were large dogs in comparison with the modern Yorkie, very strong and tenacious. For the first time, the Yorkshire Terrier was exhibited at an exhibition in England in 1861. At this time they were known as the “Broken-Haired Scotch Terrier” and the breed held this title for 9 years.
In 1865, a Yorkshire Terrier dog named Huddersfield Ben appeared, which became known as the Founding Father of the breed. This pet was registered in the Kennel Club in 1886. In 1870, after participating in the Westmoreland show, one of the reporters for Angus Sutherland (a reporter for The Field)) noted that the breed must be known as Yorkshire Terrier, given the changes that the breed has gone through, it has been greatly improved since its arrival in England. Since then, the breed has officially become known as the Yorkshire Terrier.
Yorkshire Terrier dogs quickly became fashionable and were especially appreciated among the ladies of high society, as they were very playful and personable. In 1872, the Yorkie was brought to the United States, where the first litter of this breed was born. The Yorkshire Terrier was first registered with the Toy Group American Kennel Club in 1885.